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What is Python?

What is Python? The most popular programming language to learn in 2021

Are you very interested in programming? So you have to know the Python programming language . No, it’s not exactly about pythons and snakes, so you can let your puppy loose (we’ll tell you why it’s called Python later).

But why Python? Basically, because it is accessible, easy and can be used in various environments . And because it is increasingly being used and valued by more programmers in the world.

In fact, a recent ranking by IEEE Spectrum (a reputable applied science and engineering publication) ranked Python as the most popular programming language of 2020 , followed by Java, C, C++, and JavaScript.
The popularity of the Python programming language has continued this year as well , and it doesn’t look like the growth trend is going to change. According to the PYPL portal , Python is the most frequently searched language for tutorials on the Google search engine.

This explains why big companies like Google, Instagram, Pinterest, Facebook, Netflix or Dropbox continue to use Python in their technological development . Also on this list of “tech celebrities” using Python is NASA . Do you realize why you should meet him?

The fact is that Python is hot and everyone wants to know about it. You too, otherwise you wouldn’t be reading this note. Will it remain the best programming language in the remainder of 2021? Let’s find out.

The popularity of the Python programming language has continued this year as well , and it doesn’t look like the growth trend is going to change. According to the PYPL portal , Python is the most frequently searched language for tutorials on the Google search engine.

This explains why big companies like Google, Instagram, Pinterest, Facebook, Netflix or Dropbox continue to use Python in their technological development . Also on this list of “tech celebrities” using Python is NASA . Do you realize why you should meet him?

The fact is that Python is hot and everyone wants to know about it. You too, otherwise you wouldn’t be reading this note. Will it remain the best programming language in the remainder of 2021? Let’s find out.

The popularity of the Python programming language has continued this year as well , and it doesn’t look like the growth trend is going to change. According to the PYPL portal , Python is the most frequently searched language for tutorials on the Google search engine.

This explains why big companies like Google, Instagram, Pinterest, Facebook, Netflix or Dropbox continue to use Python in their technological development . Also on this list of “tech celebrities” using Python is NASA . Do you realize why you should meet him?

The fact is that Python is hot and everyone wants to know about it. You too, otherwise you wouldn’t be reading this note. Will it remain the best programming language in the remainder of 2021? Let’s find out.

What can be done with Python?

A 2019 survey by Python itself found that 59% of developers use Python for Data Analysis. But also for the following:

web development
machine learning
DevOps / System administration / Writing automation scripts
Programming of web parsers / scrapers / crawlers
Software testing / Writing automated tests
And a long etcetera. In conclusion, the things that can be done with Python are innumerable.

Why is it called Python?

If you thought that the name of this programming language has to do directly with the python snake or with some programming term, let us tell you that it is not. Actually, it has to do with comedy!

The name Python comes from ” Monty Python Flying Circus “, a 1970 BBC comedy series . Its creator, Guido van Rossum, says that while he was implementing Python he was reading the scripts for this series. It was so, in a moment of irreverence, he decided to baptize his programming language with the name “Python”.

Also, I was looking for a short, unique and somewhat mysterious name. Yes she did.

Why is it called Python?

If you thought that the name of this programming language has to do directly with the python snake or with some programming term, let us tell you that it is not. Actually, it has to do with comedy!

The name Python comes from ” Monty Python Flying Circus “, a 1970 BBC comedy series . Its creator, Guido van Rossum, says that while he was implementing Python he was reading the scripts for this series. It was so, in a moment of irreverence, he decided to baptize his programming language with the name “Python”.

Also, I was looking for a short, unique and somewhat mysterious name. Yes she did.

How to install Python?

The current version of Python is 3.9.5. To download and install Python for Windows, follow these steps:

Go to python.org and go to Downloads.

Choose the operating system you use. In this case Windows.

Click Download Python 3.9.5. A download window will automatically open. Click Save File for the download to start.

Now go to Downloads and double click on the Python 3.9.5 icon.

In the installation window mark “Add Python 3.9.5. to PATH”. This will make it possible for you to access the Python interpreter from the Windows console.

Click on Customize installation, check all the boxes and press Next. It will take you to the Advanced Options window. Leave the boxes checked as they are.

If you want to change the program path, click Browse. You can create a folder named Python and put the program there.

Click Install. When the installation is complete, click Close. And that’s it.

 

How to know if Python has been installed correctly?
Press Windows + R. A small window will open.

Type “cmd” and click OK.

Now that you’ve opened the Windows console, type the following: python –version

Hit the enter key. The version of Python you just installed should immediately appear as a response.

Who would have thought that installing Python could be so easy?

 

How to program in Python?

To start programming in the Python programming language, it is necessary to install a second program on our computer . We refer to a source code editor, also known as an IDE (Integrated Development Environment) . It is a tool designed to edit the source code of various programming languages ​​such as Python. There isn’t a programmer in the world that doesn’t use one.

 

List of the best editors for Python

PyCharm

is one of the most used IDE for programming Python. It has two versions: the open source (more basic) and the professional. PyCharm is used by Twitter, Groupon, Spotify, Ebay, etc., and is compatible with various development frameworks such as Django or Pyramid.

2. PyDev

PyDev – is an open source editor executable on the Eclipse programming platform. It is available for all operating systems. It integrates very well with Django and has support for CPython, Jython, and Iron Python.

3.Visual Studio Code

Visual Studio Code is a cross-platform code editor developed by Microsoft. It is free and compatible with Windows, Linux and macOS. It includes support for debugging, integrated Git control, syntax highlighting, smart code completion, etc.

4.VIM

VIM is light, fast and open source. It is one of the most advanced text editors used by the Python community.

5. Wing

Wing is a paid code editor, although it has a free basic version. It is compatible with Windows, OS X and Linux. Its greatest strength is debugging (multi-threaded, threaded code, automatic child processes, etc.)

6.Spyder

Spyder is a completely free open source editor. It has good integration with the IPython console and a rich level of editing, as well as variable and file explorer functions.

Once you have installed one of these code editors, you can take your first steps in the Python programming language. Here we leave you a video to learn to program in Python from scratch.

 

Projects and programs made in Python

Netflix
Netflix, the platform that had a growth of 16 million subscribers during the first quarter of 2020, also uses Python. Its engineers prefer this programming language mainly because of its available libraries.

In a ( slightly old) blog post they highlight the multiple uses of Python on Netflix and why they use it:

“Netflix developers have the freedom to choose the most suitable technologies for the job. Increasingly, developers are turning to Python because of its rich standard library including batteries, its concise and clean yet expressive syntax, its large community of developers and the plethora of third-party libraries that can be accessed to solve a given problem.”

In other words, the Python programming language allows the platform to “rapidly iterate and innovate, two very important qualities at Netflix.”

 

Instagram
Yes, the application you use to share images often uses the Python programming language in its backend (what runs on a server). In other words, Instagram is implemented on the open source web development framework Django which is written entirely in Python.

On the social network blog , Min Ni, a software engineer on Instagram, explains why they chose to use Python:

“We initially chose to use Python because of its reputation for simplicity and practicality, which aligns well with our ‘make simple first’ philosophy. But simplicity can come with a trade-off: efficiency.”

In fact, the constant growth of Instagram and the need to maximize the efficiency of its web service are other reasons why they chose to use the Python programming language.

 

Google

This is one of the big projects that also uses the Python programming language , in addition to C++ and Java.

In the case of Google, it uses Python in its technology stack. What is a technology stack? According to Mixpanel , “it is a list of the technology services used to build and run a single application.”

In fact, Python was already important to Google even before it was called Google. Alex Martelli, a computer engineer and member of the Python Software Foundation, explains how Python got started at Google :

“It all started, I think, because early Googlers (Sergey, Larry, Craig, …) made a good engineering decision: “Python where we can, C++ where we must” – they used (a subset of) C++ to parts of the software stack where very low latency and/or tight memory control were crucial, and Python, which enables faster delivery and maintenance of programs, for other parts.”

Why does everyone want to learn Python?
The main reason why Python has managed to capture the interest of programmers is because it has features that take it to a new level .

The Python programming language is extremely simple and easy to read and write . As a result, the programmer can code easily, without worrying about creating any confusion. So much so that Google, one of the largest search engines, relies on Python to code and work.

If it still isn’t clear to you, here are some features of Python that everyone wants to learn it for.

Open Source
As we have already said before, Python is an open source language which makes it very popular and available among others. In addition, programming languages ​​that are open source can be used by anyone on the network, they are easy to work with and modify according to your needs.

A productive and caring community
If you are a person related to coding, you may know that not all languages ​​are supported by the system. This is the main concern when talking about code and what makes Python reliable.

There are programming languages ​​that make it difficult for programmers to document an entire project. In that sense, building a project can be extremely overwhelming when using another programming language.

However, when we opt for the Python programming language, there are no problems that can stop this process. Python has a supportive community that makes it easy to get tutorials . Also, we can find various online and offline guides and documents for new programmers.

The best part, without a doubt, is a rich and active community of programmers working to support developers . In the community, there are no limits to help, so that makes it even more popular. So if you’re new to Python, don’t worry, you’ll find plenty of support.

Cross-platform language

Another of Python’s best features is that it is extremely diverse when it comes to operating system . In simple words, Python can be used for any type of operating system : Linux, Windows, Ubuntu, etc. Therefore, you can easily run a software, without worrying about system support.

What does this mean? That with the Python programming language you can write a code on the Mac platform and run it without problems on Windows as well. You don’t need to write code in multiple languages.

 

Is Python the language of the future?

Without a doubt, Python has managed to surpass other programming languages , thanks to its features. Therefore, it has a wide set of opportunities that can be addressed in the future. These have been increasing in a few years.

Did you know that several companies rely on Python developers to improve the user experience ?

Companies are building on the Python skills and experience of programmers to achieve much more. So it’s no surprise that there is a better career opportunity and salary range when it comes to Python.

If you want to specialize in Python, these are some of the positions you can apply for :

data scientist
DevOps Engineer
Python developer
Senior Programming Engineer
Software developer
Software engineer
According to some reports on job projection, it is estimated that there are more than 40,000 jobs in the main countries that are exclusively for developers with Python experience.

Python’s success is reflected in Stack Overflow Trends , which computes numerous tags across platform posts. Data science combined with Python is said to have the best career and future.

 

 

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